Clarence (C) Sharpe

MP3 Lee Morgan Indeed!: Lee Morgan: Music

Download Lonely City by Freddy Redd | eMusic
Black Music - Google Book Search

Reviews/Pop; 2 Saxophonists' Idiomatic Way With a Band
Published: July 2, 1988

Clarence (C) Sharpe and Billy Harper, two unjustly overlooked saxophonists, came to the Knitting Factory on Tuesday night as part of its jazz festival and performed wonderfully.

Mr. Sharpe, an occasional street musician, has taken from the tender, lyrical side of Charlie Parker's legacy to infuse his concert with kindness. He's a be-bop archivist, a musician who has taken the complex rhythmic and harmonic rules of the idiom, and using his tissue-thin, broad tone, made them his own.

Leading a band that included Burt Eckoff on piano, Harold Dotson on bass and Leroy Williams on drums, he worked his way through standards - ''This Time the Dream's on You,'' ''Leave My Heart Alone'' - and a few originals.

On ''Embraceable You,'' he dipped in and out of Mr. Parker's original solo and found his most passionate solo of the night. Playing quietly - he has the sort of demeanor that silences a whole room - he would spin off a curt flurry of notes, march into double time, then, leaving a phrase unfinished, dart off on a new rhythmic tangent.

Mr. Sharpe plays with an odd, elusive intonation, placing him as a sort of missing link between Charlie Parker and Ornette Coleman. Mr. Harper, the tenor saxophonist, is a blunt, straightforward soloist. Mr. Harper's writing and arranging, concise and varied, sound like the music the Blue Note record label produced in the early- to mid-1960's, in which oceanic modal harmonies mixed with more traditional song forms.

Mr. Harper fronts a tough band, including Francesca Tanksley on piano, Eddie Henderson on trumpet, Clarence Seay on bass and Newman Baker on drums. Together, they kicked up some noise - at times the bandstand was as animated as a tree caught in a wind storm. Throughout, Mr. Harper hurled dry, silvery lines that blurred individual notes, putting them to service as part of a greater whole.

SoundStage! Vinyl Word - Found on Vinyl: Like Minds, Jacintha and Lee Morgan (12/2004)
The Daily Jazz: Archie Shepp - For Losers

The Complete Blue Note Lee Morgan Fifties Sessions

Frank Hewitt at All About Jazz

Jazz Prospecting (CG #15, Part 9) - Tom Hull


Smalls Records -- Across 7 Street / Made in New York


A large ensemble is different animal from a small group, with a very different niche. And the challenges to survival are formidable. A well-orchestrated large ensemble requires talented musicians with specialized skills, a great effort to develop a book of arrangements, and an enormous investment in time for rehearsing and internalizing them. A band that size is pushing against the margins of economic feasibility. To support an octet, you have to come up with engagements that, all else being equal, pay at least twice as much as a quartet. But having twice as many musicians does not cause twice as many patrons to come to the club or buy the record. For small club and indie label owners, the cost of paying twice the number of musicians has to be somehow justified by the returns. For musicians, the pressure is to accept low pay at the outset, with scant hope of more.

The advantage goes to the band that is able to develop itself into a permanent institution where work is steady. There is some incentive for musicians to accept lowered pay per gig in favor of an ongoing job. But it is not simple to get eight or more top-notch musicians to be available on the same night at all, regardless of the pay. Many musicians will have other regular small group engagements that are well attended and pay well. They need an incentive to come and work harder for less money. The solution has been what you might call the off-night gambit. It goes like this. Create a large ensemble feature on a traditionally slow night, like a Monday, when the clubs are usually empty, and when, correspondingly, the most musicians are statistically available. The reduced pay on an off night is reluctantly accepted in consideration of what one hopes will be regular engagements and increased opportunities. The small club, which cannot afford to multiply its losses on a slow night, is betting that the novelty and excitement of the large ensemble will attract customers.

But there is an additional challenge for the emerging band. There are already several mature large ensembles in town, and that means that many of the top talents are already tied up, and correspondingly, many clubs are already booked on those nights. To get a new ensemble off the ground, it may be necessary to start by performing not on the slowest night of the week, but on a busier night of the week when musicians are that much more likely to be working elsewhere for decent pay, and when better-known acts tend to predominate in the established clubs. Meeting up with the challenges of a large ensemble requires more than a group of talented musicians. It requires an inspired leader, one with talent and dedication – one especially who is capable of earning the respect of the members of the band and inspiring them to commit themselves to the project. This is where Chris Byars comes into the picture.

Chris Byars was born in New York on November 2nd, 1970 to a family of talented musicians and artists. From ages 7-14, the prodigious young Byars performed regularly with the Metropolitan Opera and the New York City Opera in a singing career that spanned over a thousand performances. From ages 8-11, he studied in George Balanchine’s School of American Ballet and danced in the New York City Ballet. He starred in Balanchine’s acclaimed (The New York Times, May 25th, 1981) production of Ravel’s The Spellbound Child (L’Enfant et les Sortileges) on National Public Television. He attended Stuyvesant High School, a magnet school in the New York City school system for accelerated achievers. After graduating high school early at age 16, Byars ended up at the Manhattan School of Music where he hurtled headlong through the curriculum, completing the requirements for a Masters degree at age 20! Along with like-minded cohorts Ari Roland and Sacha Perry, he made his way to the inner circles of the NY jazz scene, studying for a time with Barry Harris, and encountering artists like Clarence “C” Sharpe, Frank Hewitt, Dave Glasser, Junior Cook, Bill Hardman, Leo Mitchell, John Marshall, and Charles Davis. Following the tragic passing of C Sharpe in 1990, Byars and Roland formed a band as a tribute to Sharpe, called Across 7 Street, which in its best-known form included trombonist John Mosca, pianist Sacha Perry, and the late Jimmy Lovelace on drums.

With the arrival of Smalls in 1994, Byars and Across 7 Street began a historic nine-year weekly run as the Sunday night featured group. In the context of this band, the prolific composer-arranger wrote sixty or so challenging compositions of his own, and developed hundreds of arrangements, including originals from the band, and a vast array of Jazz and Tin Pan Alley standards. Frequent travel by Ari Roland to Europe starting in the year 1999 created the need for a substitute for Across 7 Street on Sunday nights. Out of the urge to eat, and a measure of guts and ambition, the Chris Byars Octet was invented.

The octet retained the remaining members of A7S – Mosca, Perry, and Lovelace – and brought in solid and swinging bassist Neal Miner to replace Ari Roland. John Mosca, himself the musical director of the Grammy-winning Vanguard Jazz Orchestra and a veteran of the ancestral Thad Jones-Mel Lewis big band, is a master section player and brilliant soloist. Mosca is joined here by two longtime VJO bandmates, the hard-driving Gary Pribek on alto, and high-energy trumpeter Richie Vitale. Multitalented Mark Lopeman is known all over the scene, and his strong baritone cements the band’s foundation. Byars of course holds down the tenor chair and conducts. Sacha Perry lays down his special brand of hip chords as no one else can. And Andy Watson, successor to the late Jimmy Lovelace, drives the band with powerful strokes, crisply rendered, and right in the groove.

From its temporary spot on Sunday night, the octet migrated into the Smalls late night sets. Billed at 2 am, the late night sets were more likely to start around 2:30 am and to go until 4:30 am. Perfectly normal hours for us, the titular denizens of the night; but business was slow, especially on Sundays, bringing not nearly enough to pay the band. But before long, people were coming in to hear it, among them other musicians from around town. This high-energy octet was quite a surprising thing to see and hear in the dead of night. The musical fireworks warmed up that drabbest of dawns, the dreaded Monday Morning. No matter what bleary-eyed listeners were facing in the morning, they left the club with a smile.

Byars took the backbreaking work in stride. He’d pack up eight hundred pages of sheet music, books, foldup stands, along with his saxophone, flute, and clarinet, and haul it a hundred blocks downtown and back. He often forfeited his own pay and sold handmade CDs between sets to try to raise enough to pay the band for the night. Every night brought a bevy of new arrangements. Every singer had his or her own book. Chris had a few specialty books as well. He developed a book of jazz legend Gigi Gryce’s compositions, which he presented at Smalls with the octet and then-unknown Nellie McKay in front of the Gryce family, along with Noal Cohen and Mike Fitzgerald, the two authors of the noteworthy Grice biography, Rat Race Blues. Byars even has a book in tribute to Audrey Hepburn, one tune from which (“Let’s Kiss and Make Up”) is featured here. You have to marvel at the craft. Tadd Dameron was a major influence on Byars, along with Lucky Thompson, Gigi Gryce, Duke Ellington, and Billy Strayhorn.

Among the highlights, the title track, Night Owls, carries a lot of the spirit of the band in it. Neal Miner’s punchy tune is countered by a tricky through-composed shout chorus for bass and baritone by Chris Byars that is sleek, sinuous, and panther-like. Byars’ The Inevitable, and Perry’s In Da Funhouse are dark-edged, modernist compositions with extended harmonies that are genuinely suggestive of their titles.

It wouldn’t be fair to call this a “debut” recording for Chris Byars, although technically, it is. He’s appeared on the Smalls label to date as co-leader of Across 7 Street’s Made in New York (SRCD-2), as co-leader with Sasha Dobson and this octet on The Darkling Thrush (SRCD-5), as sideman in The Frank Hewitt Quintet on Four Hundred Saturdays (SRCD-010), and as sideman on Ari Roland’s Sketches From a Bassist’s Album (SRCD-12). He was also featured earlier on Jazz Underground: Live At Smalls (Impulse IMPD245). But it would require several more “debut” records to convey the scope of Byars’ talent. This one was overdue. Let’s just say we’re trying to catch up.

Luke Kaven
February 2006

We’re especially fortunate to be presenting the paintings of Michael Marisi Ornstein through Smalls Records. His vivid and engaging works are available through and are worthy of attention. The producer would like to offer special thanks to Janet McKinley, Jeff Brown, Tom Currier and Marcy Granata. A very special thanks to Skip Bolen for his tireless contributions in art direction.


An octet churns, sizzles, ruminates, carries on conversations with itself, sings, jokes, soothes, glides, tells stories, pays homage, whispers, entertains, cajoles, reinvents, celebrates, and stops on a dime. What will the next tune bring? Who will be featured, or teamed up? Is it a tune from 1930, 1956, or three hours ago? Eight musicians, each holding a different instrument, provide a supple backdrop, waiting for their moment. A corner is turned, the music looks to you and it’s magic time…

Acknowledgements: To Luke Kaven, for his talent, foresight, and integrity. To Ari Roland, Sacha Perry, and John Mosca, for two decades of great times on and off the bandstand. To John Purcell, Helen Jordan, Andy Laverne, David Berger, and Barry Harris, for being gifted and patient instructors. To Frank McCourt, for telling me “stick with the music, kid.” To Mitchell Borden, for keeping Smalls running against all odds. To my family, for their unhesitating love, support, interest, time and effort. To Phil Schaap, for the birthday and memorial marathon broadcasts, and of course “Bird Flight.” And to all the jazz radio professionals for spreading the music far and wide.

Chris Byars
February 2006

Clarence (C) Sharpe Dead at 53; Played Jazz on Saxophone
Published: January 30, 1990

LEAD: Clarence (C) Sharpe, an alto saxophonist who exemplified the jazz underground, died on Sunday at Goldwater Memorial Hospital on Roosevelt Island in New York City. He was 53 years old.

Mr. Sharpe underwent surgery for throat cancer last spring, but he recovered enough to perform at the club Zanzibar in Manhattan. In June, he performed in France on a concert bill with Jackie McLean and Phil Woods.

Mr. Sharpe's distinctive approach was described by Peter Watrous, a critic for The New York Times, as ''the missing link between Charlie Parker and Ornette Coleman.'' His phrasing and sense of harmony were rooted in be-bop, while his unconventional, highly personal intonation presaged free jazz.

The Start of His Career

Mr. Sharpe was born in St. Louis and grew up in Philadelphia, where he worked with leading musicians, including the pianist McCoy Tyner, the bassist Jimmy Garrison and the drummer Philly Joe Jones. During the flowering of hard-bop in New York City at the turn of the 1960's, he appeared as a sideman on an early album by the trumpeter Lee Morgan, and in 1969, he performed as part of a big band on Archie Shepp's album ''For Losers.''

But Mr. Sharpe did not establish his own career, and for many years he performed as a street musician in New York, at jam sessions and as a sideman. From the late 60's to the present, he taught improvisation at the University of the Streets on the Lower East Side of Manhattan.

He is survived by his mother, Louise Sharpe; a sister, Desiree Crafton; two brothers, Perry Lawrence Sharpe and Lonnie Boyd Sharpe, all of Philadelphia; his wife, the former China Lynn Perrault, and two sons.